Accessibility Statement

Palgrave Connect is being hosted by Palgrave Macmillan's sister company Nature Research. Since October 2004 Nature Research sites have been constructed to be accessible to a wider range of people than before, including those using assistive technology. Nature Research websites built to be accessible are now easier to use, quicker to download, display better across a wide range of devices and platforms, and are simpler for producers to update and modify.

Below is information about some of the features we have implemented. Please do not hesitate to contact us if you have any problems accessing our content. We have tried to cater for as many people as possible but there may be occasions when we can further improve our accessibility.

Changing the font size


Palgrave Connect allows you to customize the font size to suit your personal preferences. Most browsers will allow you to change the font size. Below is a screenshot of Internet Explorer's "text size" menu option. Most browsers have a similar feature, usually somewhere in the "View" menu. Please see the "help" section in your browser for more details on customization.

Screenshot of changing text size in Internet Explorer 6

When accessing an ebook from Palgrave Connect in PDF format, you can use the screen magnification tool in Adobe Acrobat accessible from the "View" menu.

"Liquid" page layout


Our user friendly "liquid" page layout ensures that our websites stretch to fill the space available to them, meaning that no matter what your browser window size or screen resolution, the website adapts itself to the space available. This means there is less horizontal scrolling at small resolutions, and should make the site easier to browse with a screen magnifier.

If you are using an ebook PDF you can achieve a similar effect by using the 'reflow' tool in Adobe Acrobat - 'View' - 'Zoom'- 'Reflow',to prevent the need for horizontal scrolling. We are aware that some users may find that when they are using the 'reflow' tool at high magnification to prevent the need for horizontal scrolling, more complex tables and figures distort. In these cases you may find it preferable to take off 'reflow' for the purposes of seeing the figure and just use the zoom, which will keep the figure in tact - but will mean you need to scroll horizontally.

"Jump" links


We've positioned jump links at the top of the page so that you can quickly navigate to the most important sections of the page. This should be of use if you use a screen magnifier or speech browser, or are using a small screen resolution.

In PDFs you should find bookmark navigation on the left hand panel. The extent to which each PDF is bookmarked may vary, but you should find they are marked at least to chapter level.

Alternative content


For those members of our audience who use screenreader or speech browser software, we've provided sensible alternative text for images where this alternative text will aid your understanding of the webpage.

Please note however that where images are embedded within PDF documents, there are unlikely to be alt tags, especially for older publications.

Logical tab order and page layout


We've built the pages to make it easier to tab through the links - the content area is reached immediately after the header, making it easier to move around within a site. The jump links at the top of the page still provide fast and easy access to the main areas of every page, including the navigation.



Our web pages use structured headers to aid legibility. The first header on the page is the main content header followed by any appropriate sub-headers, then by headers for the navigation areas of the site.

This aids users of certain screenreaders and speech browsers - for instance: JAWS users can type INSERT+F6 to hear all the headers on the page, or CTRL+INSERT+ENTER to quickly navigate through the page by skipping to the next header.

Customizing our sites


Due to the way we are building our sites, standards compliant browser users are able to heavily customize a site's individual look and feel. Each of our accessible sites has a unique class on the html "body" tag, meaning you can specify your own styles for each site.



We advise the use of Adobe Acrobat software to read our PDFs. Please be aware that the PDFs used on this site are adapted from those that we use to send our books to print. This means that they will have been generated by different typesetters at different times and as a result are likely to have been created using a variety of different versions of Adobe software. Unfortunately this may mean that you do not get a consistent experience when accessing each ebook, older titles may be more problematic than more recent ones.

If you are having difficulty using your assistive technology to access our PDFs, please do consult The TechDis Service's Accessibility Essentials 4: Making the Most of PDFs document which can be found here:
The User Personalisation section will probably be the most relevant.

Older Browsers


CSS, which we use for layout and design, is not fully supported by older web browsers, resulting in unpredictable display. To deal with this problem we have hidden the CSS from these older browsers that do not conform to web standards. However, even if you use one of these browsers, you will still be able to access all of our content presented with a simplified layout.

Modern browsers can be downloaded from the sites below:

If you are unable or unwilling to upgrade your browser or if you are prevented from seeing our CSS for other reasons, we hope that you will enjoy the more basic interface. Although not as visually appealing as the CSS interface, it should be just as usable.

Text Only Browsers


We have taken steps to ensure that users of text only browsers will find it easier to use our sites than before, with the addition of "jump" links and features such as horizontal rules to visually separate the content. Site navigation appears after the main content, and is constructed using lists to make it more comprehensible.